Overweight and Obesity in Pre- and Postmenopausal Women of Northeastern Iran: Protecting Against or Risk Factors for Breast Cancer?

AUTHORS

Neda Shalaei 1 , Mohsen Nematy 2 , Fatemeh Homaei Shandiz 3 , Mohammad Reza Ghavam Nasiri 3 , Mommamad Khaje Daluee 4 , Marzyeh Razban 5 , Elham Esmaelee Shandiz 5 , Seyed Amir Reza Mohajeri 1 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran

2 Department of Nutrition, Biochemistry and Nutrition, Cancer and Endoscopic & Minimally Invasive Surgery research centers, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran

3 Cancer research center and Department of Radiation-Oncology, School of Medicine, Omid Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS), Iran

4 Social Medical Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran

5 Omid Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran

How to Cite: Shalaei N , Nematy M , Homaei Shandiz F , Ghavam Nasiri M R , Khaje Daluee M , et al. Overweight and Obesity in Pre- and Postmenopausal Women of Northeastern Iran: Protecting Against or Risk Factors for Breast Cancer?, Int J Health Life Sci. 2016 ; 1(2):e69870.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Health and Life Sciences: 1 (2); e69870
Published Online: April 25, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 09, 2014
Accepted: December 13, 2015

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Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women worldwide and affects Iranian women at least one decade earlier than their counterparts in the developed countries. The aim of this study was to determine whether northeastern Iranian breast cancer patients, who were either pre- or postmenopausal, had differences pertaining to their body mass index (BMI) and obesity incidence in comparison with controls. A case-controlled, cross-sectional study was performed to assess the BMI of 214 patients, who were either pre- or postmenopausal and had been diagnosed with breast cancer via excisional biopsy. Patients were compared to 463 healthy women. Regardless of their menstrual status, patients and controls exhibited a significant difference in the mean BMI (P-value = 0.04). When the menstrual status and BMI were analyzed, the obesity rate was higher among both premenopausal (P-value = 0.03) and postmenopausal women. Our results showed that there was an increased risk of breast cancer among obese, premenopausal women in northeastern Iran.

Keywords

Breast Cancer Body mass index Iran Pre menopause Post menopause

© 2016, International Journal of Health and Life Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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