Self-efficacy in Pregnant Women Referred to Health Centers in Delfan, Iran

AUTHORS

Hossein Ashtarian 1 , Masoud Ghanbari 2 , * , Ashrafbanoo Moradi 3 , Leila Baigi 3

1 Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Ashtarian H , Ghanbari M , Moradi A , Baigi L . Self-efficacy in Pregnant Women Referred to Health Centers in Delfan, Iran, Int J Health Life Sci. 2016 ; 2(1):e74058.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Health and Life Sciences: 2 (1); e74058
Published Online: July 15, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 21, 2016
Accepted: June 27, 2016

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Abstract

Self-efficacy is an inflectional factor in pregnancy, and high self-efficacy can prevent many pregnancy-related health hazards. The present study was an attempt to determine the self-efficacy levels in pregnant women and examine the factors related to self-efficacy in pregnant women who were referred to the health centers in Delfan. The current study is a cross-sectional study carried out on 100 pregnant women in Delfan in 2016, using a multistage sampling procedure. Questionnaires were used to collect demographic and self-efficacy related information. To analyze the collected data, SPSS software version 18, T-test, one- way ANOVA, and Spearman’s correlation were employed. The mean age and self-efficacy score in the participants were estimated to be 26.48 ± 6.08 years and48.12 ± 7.70 (range 17–68), respectively. A stastically significant relationship was found between self-efficacy in pregnant women and the variables of age (p = 0.04), educational level (p = 0.02), economic status (p = 0.01), and educational level of the husband (p = 0.04). In the multi-variable regression analysis of self-efficacy, the variables of age (B = −2.24, p = 0.01), number of children (B = 0.95, p = 0.03), educational level (B = 2.03, p = 0.02), employment (B = 2.08, p = 0.01), and economic status (B = 2.70, p = 0.01) were significant. Considering various self-efficacy related factors in pregnant women, and the cumulative effects of these factors on self-efficacy, it can be concluded that improving modifiable influential factors, including economic status, educational level, and employment, can have a direct impact on the self-efficacy of pregnant women.

Keywords

Pregnant women Self-efficacy Delfan

© 2016, International Journal of Health and Life Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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