Trans Fatty Acids Contents among Selected Foods in Western Iran

AUTHORS

Yahya Pasdar 1 , Gholamreza Bahrami 2 , Shokoufeh Alghasi 1 , Mitra Darbandi 1 , Abbas Hemati Azandaryani 3 , * , Soheila Bahrami 4 , Puneh Rahemi 4 , Elham Mirtaheri 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, Faculty of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Nano Drug Delivery Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Faculty of Pharmacy, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Pasdar Y , Bahrami G , Alghasi S , Darbandi M , Hemati Azandaryani A , et al. Trans Fatty Acids Contents among Selected Foods in Western Iran, Int J Health Life Sci. 2016 ; 2(1):e74061.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Health and Life Sciences: 2 (1); e74061
Published Online: July 15, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 23, 2016
Accepted: June 27, 2016

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Abstract

Effects of dietary fatty acids on health status depend on types and amounts of consumed fatty acids. Trans fatty acid intake is directly associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease. This study was aimed to determine the amount of fatty acids in some consumed snacks and dairy products in Kermanshah, I. R. Iran. 19 different types of foods including cakes, sweets, and dairy products were randomly purchased from all five regions of Kermanshah city. The fatty acids were extracted using the Folch method and then were analyzed using gas chromatography. The results showed that snacks, coffee mate, biscuits and cakes contained the highest levels of trans fatty acids, ranging from 6.95 % to 13.94 %. Among dairy products, trans fatty acid content of ice cream samples was remarkable. The highest levels of saturated fatty acids were observed in coffee mate, chocolate, and subsidized milk. The lowest short-chain fatty acid contents were found in ice cream and yogurt respectively. In conclusion, the results of the present study revealed that dietary trans fatty acid levels are relatively high in foods, which could be due to the hydrogenated oils used in food preparation.

Keywords

Trans fatty acids TFA Dairy products Folch method Snacks GC

© 2016, International Journal of Health and Life Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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