Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Related to Diet and Body Composition: A Case Control Study

AUTHORS

Yahya Pasdar 1 , Mitra Darbandi 1 , * , Amir Bagheri 2 , Parisa Niazi 2 , Soraya Siabani 3 , Seyed Mostafa Nachvak 2

1 Research center for environmental determinacies of health, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Department of Health education and health promotion, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Pasdar Y , Darbandi M , Bagheri A , Niazi P , Siabani S , et al. Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Related to Diet and Body Composition: A Case Control Study, Int J Health Life Sci. 2016 ; 2(2):e74172.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Health and Life Sciences: 2 (2); e74172
Published Online: December 10, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 21, 2016
Accepted: December 10, 2016

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has a common pathogenic background and shares many risk factors such as hypertension, metabolic syndrome and obesity. This study aimed to determine the relationship between dietary factors and body composition in NAFLD suffering patients. A case-control study designed, 250 patients (n = 125 in each group) were studied. Data was collected using a Body Impedance Analyzer and FFQ questionnaires. The data were analyzed in Stata-11 using the Mann-Whitney test, a t-test, and logistic regression. The Mean BMI was 30.41 ± 5.7 and 26.41 ± 3.8 kg/m2 in the case and control groups, respectively (p = 0.001). In patients with NAFLD, 44.7% showed a BMI over 30 (obese), and in the control group it was 12.5%. The amount of protein intake in the case and control groups was 87.74 ± 52.10 and 97.007 ± 75.55 g/d (P = 0.02), respectively. Fiber intake was 23.12 ± 14.57 g/d in the case group and 25.74 ± 34.71 g/d in the control group (P = 0.3). Vitamin E intake in 69.7% of NAFLD and 74.78% of control group was lower than the RDA recommended level. The study showed that NAFLD subjects have a higher BMI than healthy individuals. Obesity and the low intake of vitamin E, protein, and fiber can be a predicting factor of the incidence or progression of fatty liver.

Keywords

Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Body Composition Body Mass Index Diet Protein

© 2016, International Journal of Health and Life Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

The full text of this article is available on PDF.

References

  • 1.

    The references of this article is available on PDF.

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: