Evaluation of carwashes in Kermanshah metro-city with regard to water resources, consumption, and existence of treatment facility

AUTHORS

Hiwa Hossaini 1 , * , Shoeib Rahimi 1 , Shahram Usefi 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Environmental Health engineering, School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Hossaini H , Rahimi S , Usefi S . Evaluation of carwashes in Kermanshah metro-city with regard to water resources, consumption, and existence of treatment facility, Int J Health Life Sci. 2017 ; 3(1):e74175.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Health and Life Sciences: 3 (1); e74175
Published Online: July 01, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 20, 2017
Accepted: April 30, 2017

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Abstract

In this study, the amount of water consumed in the carwashes of Kermanshah city was evaluated according to the type of water source used. Also, the existence of preliminary and primary wastewater treatment facilities was investigated. The most important type of detergents used was also determined. The results indicated that 77% of carwashes used municipal water distribution system as the water source and remaining used well water. The average water consumption in the surveyed carwashes was 195.4 liter per day per light vehicle. There is lack of full wastewater treatment facility in all the carwashes, and the only observed wastewater treatment facility was bar screen that was seen in 91.6% of the carwash units.

Keywords

Carwash Kermanshah city Water consumption Treatment facility

© 2017, International Journal of Health and Life Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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