Depression, Academic Self-efficacy, and Achievement among College Students

AUTHORS

Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh 1 , Seyyed Nasrollah Hosseini 2 , Behzad Karami-Matin 1 , Farzad Jalilian 1 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Mirzaei-Alavijeh M , Hosseini S N , Karami-Matin B , Jalilian F . Depression, Academic Self-efficacy, and Achievement among College Students, Int J Health Life Sci. 2017 ; 3(1):e74176.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Health and Life Sciences: 3 (1); e74176
Published Online: July 01, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 08, 2017
Accepted: March 30, 2017

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Abstract

Depression is one of the most common psychiatric diseases, which occur irrelevant of time and location, and impact all groups of the society. This study aimed to explore the relationship between depression and academic self-efficacy, and achievement among college students in the Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS), in the west of Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 373 students. Participants selected in random sampling and data were collected by using self-report questionnaire (Beck depression inventory test and academic self-efficacy scale). The data were analyzed by the SPSS-21 software using t-test and logistic regression at 95% significance level. According to the Beck depression inventory, 73.5, 13.4, 9.8, and 3.3% of the respondents suffered from normal, mild depression, moderate depression, and severe depression, respectively. Among the socio-demographic variables, age (students aged above 25 years) and sex (female students) were the most influential predictive determinants for depression. Academic achievement included significant correlation with the academic self-efficacy (r=0.216), inversely and significantly associated with the depression (r=−0.469). Eventually, academic self-efficacy and depression accounted for 24% of the variation in academic achievement (adjusted R squared=0.24, F=49.270, P<0.001). Considering the results of the present study, presumably, depression plays a negative role in the academic self-efficacy and achievement.

Keywords

Student Mental Health Psychology Academic Performance

© 2017, International Journal of Health and Life Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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