Relative Validity and Reproducibility of a Semi-quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire among Urban Iranians

AUTHORS

Maryam Nouri 1 , Shohreh Ghazizahedi 1 , Seyed Amir Reza Mohajeri 1 , Abdolreza Norouzy 1 , Mohsen Nematy 1 , * , Neda Shalaey 1 , Mohammad Safarian 1 , Habibollah Esmaily 2 , Elham Sabouri 1 , Niloofar Rajaei 1 , Ali Tarighat-Esfanjani 3 , Zahra Noroozi 3 , Mina Amin 3 , Masoud Avari 3 , Elham Rezaei 4 , Seyed Ehsan Hoseinzadeh Hoseini 5 , Mina Hajihosein 6 , Ali Azimi 7 , Amir Reza Razavi 8

1 Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran

2 Health Sciences Research Center, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Nutrition Research Center, Faculty of Nutrition and food sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran

4 Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

5 Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

6 Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

7 School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran

8 Department of Medical Informatics, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran

How to Cite: Nouri M , Ghazizahedi S , Mohajeri S A R , Norouzy A , Nematy M , et al. Relative Validity and Reproducibility of a Semi-quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire among Urban Iranians, Int J Health Life Sci. 2017 ; 3(1):e74185.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Health and Life Sciences: 3 (1); e74185
Published Online: July 01, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 05, 2017
Accepted: May 25, 2017

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Abstract

The contribution of dietary factors to the development and prevention of non-communicable diseases is being increasingly recognized, and worldwide, the concern about chronic diseases is growing rapidly. There is a lack of a comprehensive food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) encompassing all kinds of foods for Iranians. This cross-sectional study aims to describe the relative validity and reproducibility of the FFQ used for assessing nutrient intakes of Iranian urban population. One hundred thirteen subjects aged 20–69 years from five major cities of Iran participated in this study. The dietary intake was assessed by a semi-quantitative FFQ involving 160 Iranian food items. The participants were asked to complete two FFQs (at the first and fourth months of the study) and three-day food records every month. Two blood and 24-h urine samples were collected at fifth and sixth months. The highest correlation coefficient in all FFQs was for fat (r = 0.669; p < 0.001) and the lowest for fiber (r = 0.331; p = 0.001). The Pearson correlation coefficients between nutrient intake estimated by the average of the two FFQs and the average of the three-day food records ranged from 0.03 to 0.27. The Pearson correlation coefficients between serum and urine biomarkers and nutrient intake estimated by the average of the two FFQs ranged from −0.34 to 0.47. Bland and Altman analyses showed fairly good agreement between the average of the FFQs and three-day food records for energy, fat, and potassium intakes. The obtained results indicate a reasonable validity of the FFQ considering the energy, fat, and potassium intake evaluation and good reproducibility over a 6- month period.

Keywords

Food Frequency Questionnaire Nutrition assessment Validation Reproducibility Biochemical markers

© 2017, International Journal of Health and Life Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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